Kron Telekomünikasyon Hizmetleri: Understanding the Lifecycle of a Data Breach

Understand the lifecycle of a data breach

With much of the business world on board with digital transformation and its demands, many questions about data usage have come to the fore. With the growing importance of data and data-driven workflows, cybersecurity issues have risen to prominence. Finding workable solutions to these problems requires an in-depth analysis of what data breach incidents tell us about enterprise IT infrastructures.

First of all, it is very important to realize that the damage caused by a data breach is not limited to the loss of data. In addition to data loss, a data breach can cause temporary or permanent damage to the business model, cause system downtime, lead to costly ransomware, and negatively impact corporate image.

The first step to minimizing the potential damage caused by data breaches, and even taking a series of cybersecurity measures by learning the right lessons from the past, is to properly analyze the data breach lifecycle process. Referring to the period of time between the first moment the breach occurs and the moment the breach is under control, the lifecycle can unfold in different ways depending on various factors such as the type of cyberattack.

We’ve put together some tips businesses need to know about the data breach lifecycle so they can integrate advanced data security into their IT infrastructure. In our statistically backed research, we have attempted to demonstrate why it is so important to properly analyze data breach cases.

Data breach lifecycle and root causes

When collecting sensitive data, the first question to answer is how a hacker runs their business. Understanding how hackers think and how they plan for cyberattacks can help you better prepare for an attack. In order to properly analyze and manage each stage of preparation, it is extremely important to master the stages of the life cycle.

Comprised of phases such as target selection and recognition, attack planning, attack execution, exploitation and lateral movement, and endgame, the lifecycle of a data breach represents a meticulously planned process for a hacker. We will describe the attack phases in detail from the perspective of the cyber attacker, but first we would like to explain the source of the vulnerabilities and security weaknesses that attract the attention of hackers in the phase of selection and recognition of target.

Organizations without advanced cybersecurity protocols are very likely to have both software and hardware vulnerabilities in their IT infrastructures. Security vulnerabilities resulting from device hardware structure, third-party software flaws, misconfiguration, compromised credentials, business email security (BEC), phishing attacks, Ransomware attacks and data leaks by malicious corporate individuals can lead to data breaches.

To avoid such problems and prevent data leaks, developing the right cybersecurity policies has become a necessity, not an option. Now that we’ve listed the possible lifecycle sources, let’s examine and analyze the breaches from a cyber attacker’s perspective.

Data Breach Ecosystem

Understanding the methods used and the paths taken by the cyber attacker in the data breach lifecycle, which consists of five phases, can help you more easily take certain preventive measures. For this reason, it may be useful to examine in detail what the five phases mean to a hacker.

Recognition of security vulnerabilities

The life cycle of a data breach begins when the attacker discovers a security vulnerability in the IT infrastructure to be attacked. Once the hacker has located the security flaw, that is to say the weak point of the network, he moves on to determining the attack strategy. The reconnaissance phase often involves targeting resources that can open multiple doors for the attacker within the network, such as credentials, sensitive personal data, and financial information.

Create an attack strategy

The basic strategy in security breach cases that lead to data disclosure is based on system access. This is usually done by intercepting the credentials of a user who has access to the network or by infecting authentication protocols with malware. The strategy phase is highly dependent on the data obtained during the recognition of security vulnerabilities.

Identifying the right tools for system access

The objective of the attack, which is achieved by hijacking login credentials, malware login or other attack vector, is to take control of the system for a long time without being noticed. By using any of the attack vectors mentioned above, the cyber attacker has the ability to penetrate deeper into the IT infrastructure and disrupt it as soon as they enter the system.

On the way to the target

By targeting unconfigured IT infrastructure with advanced cybersecurity protocols, the attacker can easily reach their target using the right attack vectors. Usually the goal is to make money or disrupt the continuity of the business model. Ransomware attacks can target both.

Damage assessment

The longer the data breach lifecycle, the harder it becomes to detect damage. As the cycle lengthens due to delays in detecting data breaches, more data may be leaked and greater financial losses may be incurred.

According to a recent study, it takes an average of 277 days worldwide to detect a data breach. Of that time, 207 days are related to the detection of the data breach, while 70 days are spent trying to contain the breach.

One of the conclusions of the same study relates to the life cycle cost of a data breach. Even a life cycle of less than 200 days costs an average of US$3.74 million. The longer the cycle time, the higher the cost.

PAM solutions: high efficiency in the detection of data breaches

Mastering the entire IT infrastructure and setting up a strict control mechanism based on the 24/7 principle is the best way to detect data breaches. To perform these functions, an advanced cybersecurity protocol is required. This is where Privileged Access Management (PAM) solutions come in.

PAM solutions allow organizations to take advantage of an advanced control mechanism for their IT infrastructure. By enabling control of access to these areas by auditing all entities with batches of sensitive data, including the database, PAM also does a great job of preventing breaches that can result from user error on the network.

Our Privileged Access Management (PAM) product, Single sign-on, also combines access control and data security applications to reduce the risk of data breach through its advanced modules. Let’s take a look at the Single Connect modules:

  • Privileged session manager: Tracks and records the activities of privileged accounts with access to critical data. Facilitates centralized management and control of all sessions.
  • Dynamic password checker: With its password vault feature, it isolates passwords from authorized network users and prevents password sharing.
  • Two-factor authentication: Verifies privileged users with various verification mechanisms such as time and geographic location characteristics.
  • Data Access Manager: Monitors and logs all critical data areas, including database, and administrator actions on the system.
  • Dynamic Data Masking: Prevents data leaks by displaying existing data as hidden information instead of real sensitive information.
  • Automation of privileged tasks: By automating critical tasks, eliminates human errors and achieves high efficiency.

contact us today to effectively mitigate data breaches against cyber threats and to learn all the details on how to integrate our PAM solution into your company’s IT infrastructure.

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